Unit: The Chemistry of Life (Organic Macromolecules including Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids)


1.State 4 elements essential for the life that make up 96% of living matter
2. Describe the structure of an atom
3. Explain why radioisotopes are important to biologists.
4. Distinguish among covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds.
5. Explain why weak bonds are important to living organisms.
6.Describe the structure and geometry of a water molecule, and explain what properties emerge as a result of this structure.
7. Explain the relationship between the polar nature of water and its ability to form hydrogen bonds.
8. List five characteristics of water that are emergent properties resulting from hydrogen bonding.
9. Explain how the polarity of the water molecule makes it a versatile solvent.
10. Explain how organic polymers contribute to biological diversity.
11. Describe how covalent bonds are formed and broken between monomer and polymers of biological molecules.
12. Describe the distinguishing characteristics of carbohydrates, and explain how they are classified.
13. List four characteristics of a sugar.
14. Describe the important biological functions of polysaccharides.
15. Describe the unique properties, building block molecules and biological importance of the three important groups of lipids; fats, phospholipids and steroids.
16. Distinguish between a saturated and unsaturated fat, and list some unique emergent properties that are consequence of these structural differences.
17. Describe the characteristics that distinguish proteins form the other major classes of macromolecules,and explain the biologically important functions of this group.
18. List and recognize four major components of an amino acid, and explain how amino acids may be groupd according to the physical and chemical properties of the side chains.
19. Identify a peptide bond and explain how it is formed.
20. Define and illustrate the four levels of protein structure.
21. Define denaturation and explain how proteins may be denatured.
22. Describe the characteristics that distinguish nucleic acids from the other major groups of macromolecules.
23. Summarize the function of nucleic acids.
24. List the major components of a nucleotide, and describe how these monomers are linked together to form a nucleic acid.
25. Distinguish between a pyrimidine and a purine.
26. List the functions of nucleotides.
27. Briefly describe the three-dimensional structure of DNA.


Properties of Water
Macromolecule Images to know for Test


1.Study week 6 Scientific words.
2.Read pg. 148 - 155 in the new textbook. We have already gone over these concepts.
3. Complete your Drosophila lab report. This is due Tuesday!! Below is the format that you should be putting your lab in.

4. Sections 3 and 4 of the Science Notebook. Fill in the answers in the notebook that you were given on Tuesday. It was green and had Science Notebook on the cover. Due Friday so we can go over it and you have it to help you study for your test Monday
5. We will do this lab Thursday and Friday of next week. It will be due Monday when you enter class. You will be responsible for turning in any observations, data tables, and conclusion or analysis questions. This has been posted on your homework assignments on the mcgraw hill account as well

6. Study for your TEST!!