1. How old are the earliest fossil records of bacteria?
2. Where does photosynthesis and respiration take place?
3. What does the cell wall contain and what type of macromolecules compose this?
4. What structure allows bacteria to stick to its host or other bacteria?
5. Define plasmids.
6. What pH do most bacteria grow best at?
7. What are useful jobs that bacteria do?
8. How are they classified?
9. What 2 kingdoms do they belong to?
10. How is the Kingdom Archaebacteria divided and what are the three divisions?
11. Where do Methanogens live?
12. What do they produce?
13. What are extreme Halophiles and where do they live?
14. Where do thermoacidopholes live?
15. What thre basic shapes do Eubacteria come in?
16. What do the following therms mean?
  1. Cocci
  2. bacilli
  3. spirilla
  4. diplo
  5. strepto
  6. staphlo
17. What are the four phyla of bacteria?
18. What do the following Gram + bacteria make or cause?
  1. Actinomycetes
  2. Lactobacilli
  3. Clostridium
  4. Streptococcus
  5. Staphylococci
19. What color are Gram + bacteria after staining?
20. How can you treat Gram+ bacteria?
21. What color do Gram - bacteria stain?
22. What prevents antibiotics from entering Gram- bacteria?
23. What do the following do?
  1. Rhizobacteria
  2. Rickettsiae
  3. Spirochetes
24. What are three physical characteristics of the bacteria found in Phylum Cyanobacteria?
25. What are heterocysts?
26. how can these bacteria harm fish?
27. Are the Phylum Spirochetes Gram + or -?
28. How do these bacteria move?
29.What do lactobacilli make and what can they cause?
30. What benefit do Gram+ bacteria found in the oral and intestinal cavities give us?
31. What three subdivision make up Phylum Proteobacteria?
32. Where do E.coli live and what do they make?
33. What typeof bacteria is Salmonella and what can it cause?
34. Where do chemoautotrophs obtain their energy from?
35. Where do Rhizobium live and what element do they convert?
36. What nutrient cycle do they play an important part of ?
37. What are:
  1. Saprobes
  2. parasites
  3. Photoautotrophs
  4. Chemoautotrophs
38. What are:
  1. Obligate Aerobes
  2. Obligate Anaerobes
  3. Facultative Anaerobes
39. How do bacteria reproduce?
40. Under ideal conditions, if there are five bacteria on your skin at 2:00, who many will there be at 4:00?
41. What are plasmids used for?
42. What is conjucation?
43. What is transformation?
44. What is transduction?
45. What are exotoxins?
46. What are endotoxins?
47. What are broad-spectrum antibiotics?
48. Why do some bacteria survive antibiotics?